Autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation as an intensive consolidation therapy for adult patients in remission from acute myelogenous leukemia
Jung AS, Holman PR, Castro JE, Carrier EK, Bashey A, Lane TA, Nelson CL, Pu M, Messer K, Corringham SM, Ball ED. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2009 Oct;15(10):1306-13. Epub 2009 Aug 3.
Autologous peripheral blood stem/progenitor cell transplantation (APBSCT) has been investigated as a potential therapeutic option to improve outcome in patients with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML). However, its optimal role in treatment for adults in remission has not been clearly established. We performed a retrospective analysis on 45 patients aged 21 to 73 years (median 51 years) with de novo AML who underwent APBSCT stratified by age, complete remission status, and cytogenetic risk. The 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) for all patients was 33.9% (95% confidence interval [CI], 20.1%-53.7%) and overall survival (OS) was 43.6% (CI, 29.2%-62.8%). For patients under the age of 60 years, the 5-year DFS for intermediate and high cytogenetic risk was 53.3% (CI, 23.5%-85.6%) and 50.0% (CI, 16.1%-100.0%); the 5-year OS for patients under the age of 60 years with low, intermediate, and high cytogenetic risk was 80.0% (CI, 40.0%-100.0%), 60.0% (CI, 31.2%-90.7%), and 75.0% (CI, 39.0%-100.0%), respectively.
For patients over the age of 60 years, the 5-year DFS and OS for intermediate cytogenetic risk was 21.4% (CI, 7.9%-58.4%) and 21.4% (CI, 7.9%-58.4%). The DFS and OS of these patients are comparable to the historic survival of those who underwent allogeneic stem cell transplantation when adjusted by age. In addition, there was no treatment-related mortality (TRM). We conclude that APBSCT is a reasonable and safe intensive consolidation for patients with AML who do not have a suitable HLA-matched donor.