Singh U.P.*, Sakthivel, S.K.*, Singh, S., Taub, D.D., Kristian R Novakovic, and J.W. Lillard, Jr. (2008) CXCL10-blockade protects mice from cyclophosphamide- induced cystitis. J immune Based Ther Vaccines. 6(1): 6.
Background: Alterations in serum CXCR3 ligand levels were examined in interstitial cystitis (IC) patients; similar expression patterns in serum as well as CXCR3, CXCR3 ligands, and cytokines expressed by peripheral and local leukocyte subpopulations were characterized during cyclophosphamide (CYP)-induced acute cystitis in mice.
Results: Serum levels of monokine-induced by interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) (MIG/CXCL9), IFN-gamma-inducible protein-10 (IP-10/CXCL10), and IFN-gamma-inducible T cell alpha chemoattractant (I-TAC/CXCL11) were elevated in patients with IC. These clinical features closely correlated with CYP-induced cystitis in mice. Serum levels of these CXCR3 ligands and local T helper type 1 (Th1) cytokines were also increased.