Singh U.P., Singh, S., Singh, R., Cong, Y., Taub, D.D. and J.W. Lillard, Jr. (2008) Chronic colitis and CXCL10-producing mucosal T helper, NK and NKT cells in IL10-/- mice can be abrogated by CXCL10 blockade. Journal of Interferon and Cytokine Research. 28(1): 31-43.
We have shown previously that there is a temporal increase in the levels of CXCL10 and CXCR3 mRNA during spontaneous murine colitis. We now show that CXCL10 is significantly expressed by mucosal CD4+ T cells, natural killer (NK) cells, and NKT cells, but not by dendritic cells (DCs), during chronic murine colitis. CXCL10 blockade alleviated chronic colitis and attenuated the associated increase in serum amyloid A (SAA), interleukin-12 (IL-12)p40, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), IL-1 alpha, and IL-1 beta levels as well as in the number of CD4+ T, NKT, and NK cells that express CXCL10 and CXCR3, compared with groups treated with control antibody (Ab). After CXCL10 blockade, the number of CXCR3+ DCs in the mesenteric lymph nodes (MLNs) and Peyer’s patches (PPs) were increased to levels found before the onset of colitis.