Chauhan DP, Srivastava AS, Moustafa ME, Shenouda S, Carrier E. Curr Pharm Des. 2004;10(29):3663-72. Review.
Many genetic disorders are reported to cause irreversible damage to the fetus before birth. In utero gene therapy may be an effective tool for correction of genetic disorders by replacing defective gene with normal one. There are many reasons for moving forward with in utero gene therapy. The most important reason is to provide early intervention as to prevent or slow dysfunction and morbidity. This approach may prove to be advantageous in rapidly replicating fetal cells, and less sensitive to immune response to vector or transgene product due to underdeveloped immune system. In addition, the developing fetus may be a better candidate for gene therapy than the adult because gene engraftment may be more feasible in early fetal life, where stem cells or pleuripotent progenitor cells are more accessible to vectors. Some reports are available on successful in utero gene transfer in animal models but many questions remain to be answered before in utero gene therapy can be considered a viable solution to human.