Srivastava AS, Malhotra R, Esmaeli-Azad B, Lane T, Carrier E. Curr Pharm Biotechnol. 2007 Oct;8(5):305-17. Review.
Cellular therapies derived from embryonic stem (ES) cells have gained a renewed interest with the experimental demonstration that an embryonic stem cell lines can be established from human blastocyst-stage embryos and prompted to differentiate into almost all types of cells present in the body including hematopoietic cells. Hematopoiesis is a series of cellular processes whereby short-lived mature blood cells are continuously replenished from a pool of rare pluripotential hematopoietic stem cells, in a highly orchestrated process. Aberrances in this intricate process may lead to a malignancy of essential blood-forming organs, causing diseases such as leukemia, aplastic anemia, lymphoma, myelodysplasia and myeloproliferative disorders. Embryonic stem cells show great potential and it may be technologically feasible to transplant differentiated ES cells and to cure various kinds of blood disorders.