Background: A proportion of candidates for high-dose chemotherapy with autologous PBPC support (HDC-PBPCS) will not provide an adequate PBPC yield from their first mobilization. The value of re-mobilization and the best regimen for re-mobilization in these patients is unclear.
Methods: In 23 patients who failed to provide > or = 3 x 10(6) CD34+ cells/kg after their first mobilization, PBPC were re-mobilized using a regimen of simultaneous administration of G-CSF and GM-CSF (10 microg/kg/day each) with leukaphereses (LP) starting Day 4 or 5 of CSF administration. Yields of WBC/kg, MNC/kg and CD34+ cells/kg/L of processed blood were compared between the first and second mobilization in each patient. The ability of the combined yield from the two mobilizations to achieve the desired threshold PBPC yield and the tolerability of the re-mobilization were determined.