Osteoarthritis is a joint disease mainly affecting cartilages. Cartilage is the soft tissue with the gliding surface, covering the ends of the bones of joints. Their main role in the joints is to allow smooth gliding of the bones over each other without creating much fiction. The tissue acts as a shock absorber, when the joints are in motion.
However, due to overuse of joints the top surface of the cartilage breaks down and hence wears away progressively. This allows greater exposure of two bones towards each other, causing an increase in the fiction between them. This increased fiction cause pain, swelling and loss of the motion of the joints. In more severe, chronic form of the disease; the pieces of bones even break off and float inside the joints spaces, that can eventually increase the pain.
Stem cells are the mother cells that are responsible for developing an entire human body from a tiny two celled embryo; due to their unlimited divisions and strong power to differentiate into all the cells of different lineage. This power of stem cells has been harnessed by the technology to isolate them outside the human body, concentrate in the clean environment and infused back.
Thus, Stem Cell Treatment for Osteoarthritis involves administration of concentrated cells in the targeted area, wherein they can colonize in the damaged area, adapt the properties of resident stem cells and initiate some of the lost functions that have been compromised by the disease or injury.
The different stem cells such as mesenchymal stem cells isolated from different sources of both allogenic as well autologous sources are known to be differentiating into cells of osteogenic origin. Various research taken place worldwide, has confirmed the differentiation potential of stem cells.
Once infused back in the body, these cells can be repopulated at the damaged parts of the joints, through their strong paracrine effects and differentiate into lost or damaged cells of the cartilage, bones and muscles and create new blood vessels to improve the supply of blood or help in production of supporting cells to improve the functioning of the vascular system.
Thus with our standardized, broad based and holistic approach, it is now possible to obtain noticeable improvements in the patients with the osteoarthritis, in the symptoms as well as their functional abilities.
Disclaimer : Results may vary for each patient. GIOSTAR practice the application of stem cell therapy within the legal regulations of each country.